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Messages - Awake

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361
....Just a little something to finish this off. If you have been to Cedu and don't believe they have associated your emotional triggers with their programming let me ask you a few questions.

What's your lie?
What does your little kid look like?
How are you using your Brothers?
What's your nightmare?
How are you choosing death?
What's your thinking telling you?

Admit it. You can't help but be mentally sent inwards. You understand what the questions are asking when anyone else on the street would not have a clue how to respond.

362
…I believe this will go a long way to understanding what the Cedu prgrm was all about.

Brainwashing and behavior modification: components, history and CEDU
(Hypnotherapy, Neuro-Linguistic Programming, Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy, etc.)
In researching the history of behavior modification and CEDU various connections can be made as to their origins.


Brainwashing (also known as thought reform or as re-education) consists of any effort aimed at instilling certain attitudes and beliefs in a person — beliefs sometimes unwelcome or in conflict with the person's prior beliefs and knowledge,[1] in order to affect that individual's value system and subsequent thought-patterns and behaviors.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brainwashing

This is a basic definition of brainwashing. But as to its methods and effectiveness it lacks in describing, as much has yet to be agreed upon and accepted as fact. Regardless, there is still a lot of information that documents its history.

-
The Birth of Conversion:
Brainwashing in Christian Revivalism in 1735.

Conversion is a "nice" word for brainwashing...and any study of brainwashing has to begin with a study of Christian revivalism in eighteenth century America. Apparently, Jonathan Edwards accidentally discovered the techniques during a religious crusade in 1735 in Northampton, Massachusetts. By inducing guilt and acute apprehension and by increasing the tension, the "sinners" attending his revival meetings would break down and completely submit. Technically, what Edwards was doing was creating conditions that wipe the brain slate clean so that the mind accepts new programming.

Charles J. Finney was another Christian revivalist who used the same techniques four years later in mass religious conversions in New York. The techniques are still being used today by Christian revivalists, cults, human-potential trainings, some business rallies, and the United States Armed services...to name just a few.
The way to achieve conversion are many and varied, but the usual first step in religious or political brainwashing is to work on the emotions of an individual or group until they reach an abnormal level of anger, fear, exitement, or nervous tension.
The progressive result of this mental condition is to impair judgement and increase suggestibility. The more this condition can be maintained or intensified, the more it compounds. Once catharsis, or the first brain phase, is reached, the complete mental takeover becomes easier. Existing mental programming can be replaced with new patterns of thinking and behavior.
I want to point out that hypnosis and conversion tactics are two distinctly different things--and that conversion techniques are far more powerful. However, the two are often mixed...with powerful results.
--Dick Stuphen World Congress of Professional Hypnotists Convention in Las Vegas,--
    
An indisputably common thread noted in the application of brainwashing tactics is inducing highly emotional states in the subject. History will more often describe high anxiety and fear, but more recent evidence shows that any state of high emotion is equated with greater suggestibility. There is concrete evidence for why this is so.
The combination of electrical activity of the brain is commonly called a Brainwave pattern, because of its cyclic, 'wave-like' nature. Our mind regulates its activities by means of electric waves which are registered in the brain, emiting tiny electrochemical impulses of varied frequencies, which can be registered by an electroencephalogram. These brainwaves are known as:

Brainwave Frequency
Beta 14 - 40 cps. Fully Awake and Alert Generally associated with left-brain thinking activity - conscious mind.
Alpha 8 - 13 cps. Relaxed, Daydreaming Generally associated with right-brain thinking activity - subconscious mind- a key state for "relaxation".
Theta 4 - 7 cps. Deeply Relaxed, Dreaming Generally associated with right-brain thinking activity - deeper subconscious to superconscious Access to insights, bursts of creative ideas - a key state for "reality creation" through vivid imagery.
Delta 0.5 - 3.5 cps. Dreamless. Generally associated with no thinking- unconscious / superconscious. Access to non-physical states of existence - a key state for healing, "regeneration" and "rejuvenation".

In general, we are accostumed to using the beta brain rythm. When we diminish the brain rythm to alpha, we put ourselves in the ideal condition to learn new information, keep fact, data, perform elaborate tasks, learn languages, analyse complex situations. Meditation, relaxation exercises, and activities that enable the sense of calm, also enable this alpha state. According to neuroscientists, analysing electroencephalograms of people submmited to tests in order to research the effect of decreasing the brain rythm, the attentive relaxation or the deep relaxation, produce signficant increases in the levels of beta-endorphin, noroepinephrine and dopamine, linked to feelings of enlarged mental clarity and formation of rememberances, and that this effect lasts for hours and even days. When you go into an altered state, you transfer into right brain, which results in the internal release of the body's own opiates: enkephalins and Beta-endorphins, chemically almost identical to opium. It is an ideal state for synthetic thought and creativity, the proper functions of the right hemisphere. As it is easy for the hemisphere to create images, to visualise, to make associations, to deal with drawings, diagrams and emotions, as well as the use of good-humour and pleasure, learning is better absorbed if these elements are added to the study methods.

The lower your brainwave cps, the more is your awareness turned toward your subjective experience, toward your inner world and the more effectively are you able to use the power of your mind to create changes in your body. With each lower state you become more fully aligned with the source of power within you, with your unconscious, or if you prefer, with that part of you that is greater than you (your body).
Generally in Beta state, your attention is focused outward. In alpha it begins to turn inward, and in theta and delta it goes further and further inward. The deeper you go, the more effectively are you able to enter your subconscious.
You can imagine that at the borderline between Beta and Alpha States is a doorway to your subconscious mind, and the doorway consists of what is hypnosis referred to as your "critical faculty".

Your left brain activity means that you are in full beta consiousness, which is associated with analysis, filtering and processing information, and critical thinking. The alpha wave right brained activity is associated with emotion, creativity, and unconscious thought. Everyone goes in and out of beta and alpha consiousness many times a day based on our conditions, surroundings and activities, and which state you are in can make a great deal of difference as to how suggestable we are.
Dick Stuphen says once one is in an alpha state (right brain) they are at least 25 times as suggestable than in full beta consiousness. This claim can be backed in numerous ways such as that right brained activity and connection with the unconscious is the focus of meditation, yoga trance states, hypnosis and hypnotherapy. This is why it is important to appeal to the subjects right brained activities when trying to persuade them.

Hypnosis and hypnotherapy are connected with brainwashing and CEDU, specifically the combination of hypnotherapy and Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy, or REBT. First it is necessary to describe the roots of behavior modification in the creation of REBT.

Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy was created by Dr. Albert Ellis, whose understanding of human behavior is indisputable to hypnotherapists whose main concern is changing peoples belief systems. It’s [REBTs’] only weakness is that it deals with intellect rather than with emotions. REBT used in conjunction with trance states is very effective.
-Miracles on Demand, The radical short-term hypnotherapy of Gil Boyne. Charles Tebbets.-

In the mid 1950’s Dr. Albert Ellis, a clinical psychologist trained in psychoanalysis, became disillusioned with the slow progress if his clients. He observed that they tended to get better when they changed their ways of thinking about themselves, their problems and the world. Ellis reasoned that therapy would progress faster if the focus was directly on the clients beliefs, and thus Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy was born. Here are the fundamentals of REBT:
It boils down to one basic concept: when an emotion (for example, fear) follows an event (for example, encountering turbulent air in an airplane), the event itself isn’t the full cause of the emotional reaction.
“What?” you say.
Well, let’s stop here and consider the way it seems to happen:
Event>    Emotion> Behavior
Actually, here’s the way it does happen:
Event>Belief>Emotion>Behavior

That is, a belief comes between the event and the emotion. For example, when you first experience turbulence in an airplane, you might say to yourself, “Oh, no! Now we’re going to crash!” And so you feel afraid, and you develop the symptoms of an anxiety disorder.
But consider what would happen if your immediate thought was, “Wow! This is fun!” You would feel a completely different emotion than fear, wouldn’t you? Well, that’s the idea behind cognitive psychology. If you change the thinking, you change the emotional outcome—and when you change the emotional outcome, your outward behavior will change as well.
Albert Ellis used a variety of techniques to be used in changing the clients belief system including cognative techniques such as:
Rational analysis- Analysis of specific episodes to teach the client how to uncover and dispute irrational beliefs identified first in session and then a homework plan would be developed.
Catastrophe scale- This was used to determine the level of ‘awfulizing’ the client experiences.
Reframing-  A strategy to get bad events into perspective by re-evaluating them as ‘disappointing’ or ‘concerning’ rather than ‘awful’ or ‘unbearable’.
…Imagery Techniques:
Worst Case Imagery-
…and Behavioral Techniques:
Exposure- Enter the client in behavior they would normally avoid.
Shame attacking- The client enters into behavior they feel results in disapproval.
Stepping out of Character- i.e. a perfectionist would deliberately perform sub- standard actions.
Much more detail on REBT can be found here
http://www.rational.org.nz/prof/docs/Intro-REBT.pdf

Around the time REBT was developed hypnotherapy was gaining popularity and the practices were combined. (note these therapies were offspring of Humanistic Psychology and its ‘client centered approach to therapy’.). Perhaps the most prominent figure in hypnotherapy is Milton Erickson.

Milton Erickson was renouned for his unconventional approach to psychotherapy and hypnosis resulting in a very unique and effective style of performing hypnotherapy. His style of hypnotism was called ‘conversational hypnosis’. Unlike the general stereotypical understanding of hypnosis where direct suggestions are given (i.e. you are getting sleeeepy), Ericksonian hypnotherapy uses more of what it is called indirect suggestions. Indirect suggestions are much harder to resist because they are often not even recognized as suggestions by the conscious mind, since they usually disguise themselves as stories or metaphors. An example of an indirect suggestion is "… and perhaps your eyes will grow tried as you listen to this story, and you will want to close them, because people can, you know, experience a pleasant, deepening sense of comfort as they allow their eyes to close, and they relax deeply." This would all be said in such a way as to mark out key words and phrases (indicated here in italics) by subtle shifts in the tone of voice. The person's unconscious awareness thus responds to these "embedded commands."
Think about the following scenario: A child of say four or five years of age is carefully carrying a full glass of milk to the dinner table. The amateur parent of the child warns in a stern voice, "don't drop that!" The child looks up at the parent, stumbles a bit, drop the glass, and spills milk everywhere. The now angry parent yells, "I told you not to drop that! You're so clumsy. You'll never learn!"

As unintentional as it may be, this scenario is an example of hypnosis, complete with induction, suggestion, and post hypnotic suggestion. The powerful authoritative voice (the parent), having created and utilized through indirect suggestion ("don't drop that!), an altered state (trance), has issued a direct post-hypnotic suggestion ("You're so clumsy. You'll never learn"). "Post-hypnotic" because, if the child accepts the suggestion (and children often do), he or she will always see him/herself as clumsy. This post-hypnotic suggestion by the parent may well adhere to the directive in the future, sabotaging the child's success.
Ericksonian hypnosis and hypnotherapy has become a school of thought studied broadly. More here… http://ericksonian.com/milton-erickson.html

As well Erickson was a keystone figure in the development of Neuro-Linguistic Programming (NLP).
NLP was co-created by Richard Bandler and linguist John Grinder in the 1970s through observation and imitation of gestalt therapist Fritz Perls[3], family systems therapist Virginia Satir[4] and psychiatrist Milton H. Erickson.  Bandler and Grinder studied Erickson and his methods of communicating and sought to break down the effective processes resulting in the development of NLP.
What is Neurolinguistic Programming (NLP)?

Breaking down the word itself, helps to explain what it is. “Neuro” comes from the Greek word neuron—the nervous system—“the mind” through which our experience is processed. “Linguistic” comes from the Latin word lingua—or language. It indicates that neural processes are represented, coded and ordered to create meaning. “Programming” indicates how components of a system are organized to create patterns of activity and/or behavior.
So, NLP is a practical application of how people think and act. It works with how people store information in the mind, how communication takes place within and how to make changes in it all, if desired, to create new feelings and experiences. It can be described as “software for the brain” and can be used to successfully facilitate change.
Currently NLP is becoming extremely popular and a variety of training courses are offered internationally. Much of the science behind it is patented and protected. Just one example of a program offering training in this area and psychotherapy can be viewed here. http://www.wellness-institute.org/Certification.htm
They offer:
The Heart-Centered Hypnotherapy model combines:
Humanistic psychology (Gestalt, TA)
Developmental psychology (inner child)
Behavior modification (classical and NLP)
Hypnotherapy (traditional & Ericksonian)
A Heart-Centered holistic approach into a brief, deeply healing new psychotherapy.

NLP was a “child” of the Human Potential Movement as explained in this article by a current proponent interested in revitalizing it with new knowledge of the use of NLP. http://self-actualizing.org/articles/NL ... of_HPM.pdf
The early roots of the Human Potential Movement consisted of a large variety of new approaches to psychotherapy holding the theory that experiencing any or all therapies would inevitably lead to “self-actualization”. But the real focus of the HPM was to encourage success, as being successful was reasoned to be the key to self actualization. Seminars such as Lifespring (influential in the development of CEDU) were sold to companies as training for employees. In these seminars the beliefs of the employees were challenged in order to promote more success driven behavior. An example of what they preach would be, “What’s really getting in the way of your success? It’s your beliefs! Stop telling yourself you can’t do it! Stop telling yourself you’re not confident enough to work that better position in your company! Stop telling yourself you’re not the type of person who can be a millionaire! You want to be able to help other people and the best way to do that is to help yourself!”

Just one example of the type of “self-help” the HPM has developed can be seen in this “prescription for success” The Millionaire Secret. http://www.mind-trek.com/milliona/tl13f.htm  (note that it describes ‘psychological reversal’ in a manner that suggests there is a psychological problem with the learner, hence achieving its goal of relating the information.)

At this point some may question why it would be such a bad thing to put such emphasis on “positive thinking” in order to achieve, as the Human Potential Movement focuses on. I think it is best described by Albert Ellis, creator of REBT, in his description of “psychological reversal”.
The Negatives of Positive Thinking

Ellis (personal communication, 1986) commented:
“Reversals are also dangerous. If you tell yourself I will always do badly and therefore am no good and you reverse that to I will always do well and therefore I am OK, the second statement is just as false as the first. If you go through my books, A New Guide to Rational Living and A Guide to Personal Happiness, you will see several techniques of giving up negative ideas without going to the extremes of positive thinking, which are also deceptive and dangerous.”
--
The worst possible misuse of positive thinking is to make it a tool of brainwashing. In destructive cults, the leaders may use a watered down version of positive thinking. For example, if followers try to point out problems in the group, the leaders might tell them that their words are "negative" and that they must "think positive." Don't question, don't think rational. Similar brainwashing goes on in many areas of mainstream life. Companies may withhold information or try to convince their employees to ignore glaring contradictions. Brainwashing may go on in families, where family secrets are covered up. Advertising is another good example of covert brainwashing: if everybody else likes this product, you should too. Ads may convince you that something is wrong with you that the product will fix.

It is vital that people understand the whole philosophy of positive thinking. Enforced happiness is a form of repression. Society would take on Orwellian overtones if everyone had to measure up to a standard of optimism no matter how bad things got.

The following is taken from a paper written by a practitioner of Humanistic psychology and deals with the topic of psychological reversals and the progression of psychological problems into mental illness. (As a former Cedu student I find our expected behavior to have a glaring emphasis on just how to exacerbate psychological problems.):

Journal ofHumanistic Psychology, Vol. 30 No. 1, Winter 1990 107.131 © 1990 Sage Publications, Inc.
FURTHER THOUGHTS ON
PREVENTING MENTAL ILLNESS
KARL ERICSON

“The reason psychological problems may lead to as severe a condition as mental illness is because of the self-feeding nature of mental illness, in which psychological problems lead to other problems and feed the problems they originated from either directly or indirectly (Ericson, 1986).

In order to understand how psychological forces alone might be able to cause mental illness, it is helpful to consider the similarity of mental illness to a viral infection. In a viral infection, viruses multiply at an exponential rate, but the immune system develops defenses at an exponential rate as well and so can overcome the infection. If the viruses have too much of a head start or if the immune system is not functioning properly, one can develop a serious disease. In a viral infection the host’s cells end up producing the virus. Similarly, in mental illness the mind starts generating problems that feed it. Mental disorders often start when a person is faced with too many problems that overcome the defenses and escalate into disease in a fashion similar to viral infections. There are many psychological analogies that can be drawn to an unhealthy environment that increases the likelihood of a disease progressing. An important analogy to consider is that it is possible that a person becomes prone to negative self-motivation, such as self-criticism for failure, if others motivate him or her with negative motivations such as threats and criticism.

Realistic thinking usually leads to a better reality. Becoming more realistic in one’s thinking leads one to deal more effectively both with external problems and the internal stresses they lead to and so leads to a better reality for oneself. Even if a false belief allows one to feel better in the short term, it is likely to hurt one in the long term.

Our moods are often influenced by thoughts, desires, and beliefs that we are unaware of and can become aware of through self diagnosis. We subconsciously may exaggerate threats and fears that, if we were aware of consciously, we would keep in perspective. This may be because our subconscious thought processes are not as critical and as logical as our conscious ones, and although consciously we may wish to be accurate in our perceptions, subconsciously our desire to believe certain beliefs may be stronger than our desire to he accurate in our perceptions.


The mind in response to these motivating forces creates additional forces toward motivation. For example, if one has the motivation to achieve something, the mind might tell itself, "It will be terrible if I don’t achieve my objective," thus creating a perceived threat and generating the motivation to remove that threat by working hard at achieving, which was the original motivation. This example of motivating oneself generates pessimism, because it says that things will be terrible if one does not achieve. Thus generating motivations of this type is a force toward negative thinking.

The defensive mechanisms of the mind are by nature self-destructive. All defenses are costly and thus potentially self-destructive, especially if they divert effort from other productive activities. In mental illness the damage created by inappropriate defenses can be greater than any actual threat.
     
An example of a self-destructive defense mechanism would be defending one’s self-concept by believing that those who disagree with oneself are hostile, rather than benefiting from their judgment. If this belief has not become too ingrained, a friendly environment should be able to shake it. Defensive mechanisms can be a force toward cognitive errors. For example, magnifying a threat to oneself to motivate oneself to deal with it is a way in which one distorts one’s picture of reality for defensive purposes.

The most effective motivation to tie positive thinking to is the one that is leading one to generate the negative thought in the first place. For example: If the threat of failure is leading oneself to feel fear in order to motivate oneself to take defensive action, the most effective motivation to tie to not being afraid would be the motivation to overcome that threat. This could be done by telling oneself, "My best chance of overcoming the threat of failure that I face is to perform well, and I’ll perform better if I am not anxious." I shall call the motivations used in this way "therapeutic motivations."

Negative emotions are useful and good up to the point that they motivate us to take action to defend ourselves against threats. But the negative effects they have can be worse than the threats they were meant to defend against and can actually make it harder for oneself to deal with those threats and to achieve one’s objectives.

Self-concept is a barrier to immoral behavior. A basic way in which the mind gets around this barrier is by thinking worse of others than is true. Then it believes the immoral actions it is doing to others are right. Self-diagnostic questions such as, "Do I want to think so and so is wrong? and Would it hurt my self-concept if I believed that so and so was right and I was wrong?" can help one become aware of such immoral self-deception.

When I was mentally ill I used to hear hostile voices. "Hear" is really an incorrect term, but it is the common way to describe the experience among the mentally ill. "Sense" voices would be a better way to describe it. What I think happened is that my mind was in high gear because it was trying to defend itself. The side effect of being in high gear was that I started to sense random, disorganized thoughts or "mind noise," which my mind then turned into hostile voices because my emotionally paranoid frame of mind made it seem reasonable that there were voices. It seemed that the voices must belong to those responsible for the threat that I faced and thus must be hostile, and that it was imperative for me to understand what they said.
a fundamental cause of anxiety is the fear people have that if they are not anxious they will not be motivated to deal with their problems. Beck and Emery never mention that people unconsciously use anxiety to motivate themselves.

Defense mechanisms even exist in which one attacks one’s self-concept in order to protect it. I have criticized myself for failing, in effect telling myself, "I am not you, you are a failure. I am very critical of you and therefore am not responsible for your failure." I am not the only who has used this defense mechanism. I remember watching a pole-vaulter failing to vault over a bar. Every time he failed he cursed himself and put himself down. I think he was trying to protect his self-concept, because by cursing himself he was in a sense saying to himself, "I am not you; it’s your fault that I can’t vault over the bar, not mine." In addition, he may have been trying to motivate himself to perform better through self-criticism. I have caught myself criticizing myself for not living up to my standards to motivate myself to live up to them. An equally bizarre defense that I have found myself using often is dealing with the anxiety that something bad will happen by convincing myself that it will. Once I am convinced that it will happen, I do not have to be anxious about it happening anymore, because there is nothing I can do about it. This defense has the unhappy side effects of creating pessimism and sapping my will to try and prevent the bad thing from happening.
A misconception I had that led to a self-defeating defense mechanism is that in order to be liked, one has to be superior, act as if one is omniscient, and be domineering. These misconceptions led to behavior that caused people to develop contempt for me. My defense against people’s contempt for me was contempt for them. and so a vicious cycle was created. The belief that I had to be superior led to the slightest failure traumatizing my self-concept. I think I developed the misconception that I had to be superior, because when I was a child I thought I was being rejected for being weak. It may be that desire for high self-concept also fed my believing myself superior.

Generating anxiety is a way of motivating oneself to deal with a threat. Generating anxiety about one’s abilities is a way to make oneself more careful, but it generates insecurity. This insecurity can be felt by others and leads them to doubt a person’s abilities. Thus such a defense in an employment situation can be very harmful. From a social point of view people want to avoid insecure people, because being around insecure people makes them feel insecure.
A danger of defending against a misconception with another misconception is that once one’s attention is diverted to the second misconception, one becomes unaware of the first, so it is less likely that one will ever correct the original misconception unless one uses self-help.

Low Self-Concept
1. Believe self inferior to others.
2. Believe self worthless.
3. Believe self bad.
4. Self-hate.
5. Blame self for one’s failures.
6. Believe one is alone in facing problems such as depression and rejection, and that one is alone in having the weaknesses that one has, that one is defective and inferior because of them.
7. Believe one deserves to suffer if one doesn’t achieve or work harder.
8. Believe that if others disapprove of oneself, one is no good.
9. Believe one deserves to fail if one fails, one deserves to suffer if one suffers, and one deserves to lose if one loses. Believe "I suffer therefore I’m bad" or "I fail therefore I’m bad."

It might be of use to the practitioner interested in cognitive behavior or RET to be aware of the usual 15 styles of distorted thinking:
1.Filtering: This is a process where a person takes the negative detail and magnifies it while filtering out all positive aspects of a situation. For example, "1 could have enjoyed the convert except that it started late."
2.Polarized Thinking: Things are black or white; good or bad. You're either perfect or a failure, there is no middle ground. For instance, stating that you are either with me, for me, or against me.

5.Catastrophizing: You expect a disaster to happen. You notice or anticipate a problem and are always concerned with the "what ifs." For instance, what if tragedy strikes again; or. what if it happens to me. For example: "We haven't seen each other for two hours, what if the relationship is falling apart."

6.Personalization: When you think that everything people do or say, is necessarily related to you or that they react to you. You constantly compare yourself to others and always evaluate yourself to find out how you fare. For instance: "Quite a few people here seem smarter than I am."
11.Emotional Reasoning: Believing that what you feel must be true automatically. If you feel stupid or boring, then you must be stupid or boring. For instance: stating "I feel depressed, life must be depressing."
14.Being Right: You are continuously proving that your opinions and actions are correct. Being wrong is unthinkable and you will go to any lengths to demonstrate that you are right. For instance: "I don't care what you think, I am going to do it again exactly the same again because I know I am right."

How do we recognize distorted thinking? There are basically two sings to alert us to a presence of distorted thinking:
1. The presence of painful emotions, such as feeling nervous, angry, depressed, annoyed at oneself, and re-experiencing those feelings over and over again.
2.The constant ongoing conflicts with people about whom you care. Becoming aware of how the person justifies one's conflicts. Albert Ellis stated in his book 'Reason and Emotion in Psychotherapy', that "all hypnosis is the result of the self talk." Ellis, as well as other writers, such as Artaoz, stated in his works on hypnosis and sex therapy, that "neurotic suffering is caused by an irrational or negative type of self hypnosis." Maladaptive emotions and self-defeating behavior stem from uncritical acceptance of one's negative self talk."
-- http://www.primechoice.com/philosophy/s ... icle2.html

At this point it is a good idea to re-visit some of the ideas behind hypnosis. Essentially the most important elements in successfully inducing hypnosis and trance states are 1) Engaging the subject in Right-brained ‘alpha’ activities to allow for more direct communication with the unconscious mind, and 2) To bypass the ‘critical factor’ of the left-brained ‘beta consiousness’ that analyzes and filters information and suggestions. There are a number of techniques used to facilitate the successful induction of these two categories.

Conversational hypnosis, and Neuro-Linguistic Programming, has a laundry list of tactics used to accomplish the task of increasing the subjects suggestability and shift belief systems. Generally this would consist of appealing to a persons creativity and emotions. Erickson, pioneer of conversational hypnosis, gave indirect suggestions to clients through story telling, speaking metaphorically, formulating improper sentences (to confuse the conscious mind while the portion of the sentence carrying the message bypassed scrutiny), and focusing on words with multiple meanings (i.e. right meaning right or yes.). Without going too deeply into them here is a list of some persuasion tactics used.

How Emotional Triggers Can Boost the Impact of Your Hypnosis
Emotional Triggers are a very powerful part of what you will be doing as a hypnotist.  They are an unconscious response that is triggered within the body to develop a physical or emotional behavior.  As a hypnotist you will want to be able to imbed these triggers in your subjects so you will have the ability to produce behaviors in them.
Post hypnotic triggers are emotional triggers that can be set by a hypnotist within another individual to create a specific reaction.  Many times these triggers are created by environments and sometimes they are created unintentionally by other people.  No matter how they come about they are there and they can be created by you.
Emotional triggers that are created by our environments naturally occur on a daily basis.  This can be something as simple as hearing a song that brings back specific memories of a time in your life.  Any time you hear that particular song you are instantly taken back to a certain memory or set of memories.  When this happens you are reliving the memory as you think of the events and feelings it brings to mind.

How to Use Post Hypnotic Suggestions in Hypnosis
Post hypnotic suggestions are the next tool in line for you to add to your set of skills in Conversational Hypnosis.  These are very powerful suggestions that will give you the ability to place a suggestion of a behavior or action that will take place whether you are present or not.  Post hypnotic suggestions are used to get things done when they need to be done without the hypnotist’s presence.  .
What post hypnotic suggestions can do for you and your subject is to access a behavior when it is demanded.  This happens as you use a trance to suggest a behavior that will take place when a specific trigger goes off in the person’s mind.  This tool is successful and powerful in the nature that it works in the same ways in which your unconscious mind works.  The natural way the mind remembers to do a thing, a thought occurs, a trigger, and then the action that goes along with it is performed.  
A great example of this is when a person stops using an addictive substance, such as alcohol or cigarettes.  Often they will find that their willpower is in check until they are reunited with situations in which the addictive substance was involved in.  
Now that you have selected a behavior and a trigger to set off that behavior in the future you are ready to continue on with condition number three.  Condition number three is to bypass the consciousness.  If you do not do bypass the consciousness then the probability that the conscious mind will interfere with the action taking place is much greater.
Bypassing consciousness is going to create the urge to do the behavior.  It will make the suggestion of the action a compulsive one, much like the compulsion to smoke the cigarette even though logic says ‘you’ve made it this far, don’t smoke that cigarette’.  This bypassing of the consciousness will ultimately compel the person to do the action regardless of the resistance they may display initially.  
This is the nature of the unconscious mind, it really relates back to the access state principal as well.  As you make the suggestion in trance when the time is right for the action to take place the person will partially slip back into the trance that it was suggested in.  This is important because you must really pay attention to the trigger you are setting for this whole process to work correctly.
So your trigger essentially must be one that will set off the state of trance that was involved when the trigger was set, otherwise the trigger will not successfully trigger the correct suggestion.  

Reframing in Hypnosis
It is important to know that frames are very powerful and will be a valuable tool as you practice your Conversational Hypnosis.  
A frame is the standard of reference that people use to measure the meanings of all the things around them.  It is also important to keep in mind that frames are different for everyone and that there are different ways in which to present and look at each different frame.
The power of frames in hypnosis is great because you are learning to change, preset and extinguish frames based on the language you use, both physically and verbally.
Reframing in hypnosis is going to be another powerful aspect of the idea of frames.  This will be another important way for you to change and overpower the frames of others to impact a positive outcome with in your hypnosis practice.
There are different ways in which you can control and manipulate frames.  There are essentially four options you have, to maintain your frame, preframe, reframe and deframe.  Of the four framing options maintaining your frame and preframing are the most important and powerful in Conversational Hypnosis.

Sensory Descriptions & Stories – The Key to Improving Your Hypnosis
. One of these techniques is to include sensory rich descriptions and stories to your inductions.  Now you have already been introduced to this in the art of asking deep meaningful questions that compel you’re subject to dive further and further into the experience you are asking about.  
This is similar in the way that you are asking a question to get the person thinking about a certain thing, when you do this you are actually getting them to recreate that experience within them.  The same happens when you use sensory rich descriptions and stories.  At some level you are requesting that they access a similar state and really get into it to access those experiences.

….. This just to give an impression of the tactics.
And looking into Brainwashing will reveal a host of other tactics as well.

How Revivalist Preachers Work
If you'd like to see a revivalist preacher at work, there are probably several in your city. Go to the church or tent early and sit in the rear, about three-quarters of the way back. Most likely repetitive music will be played while the people come in for the service. A repetitive beat, ideally ranging from 45 to 72 beats per minute (a rhythm close to the beat of the human heart), is very hypnotic and can generate an eyes-open altered state of consciousness in a very high percentage of people. And, once you are in an alpha state, you are at least 25 times as suggestible as you would be in full beta consciousness. The music is probably the same for every service, or incorporates the same beat, and many of the people will go into an altered state almost immediately upon entering the sanctuary. Subconsciously, they recall their state of mind from previous services and respond according to the post-hypnotic programming.
Watch the people waiting for the service to begin. Many will exhibit external signs of trance--body relaxation and slightly dilated eyes. Often, they begin swaying back and forth with their hands in the air while sitting in their chairs. Next, the assistant pastor will probably come out. He usually speaks with a pretty good "voice roll."
The "Voice Roll" Technique
A "voice roll" is a patterned, paced style used by hypnotists when inducing a trance. It is also used by many lawyers, several of whom are highly trained hypnotists, when they desire to entrench a point firmly in the minds of the jurors. A voice roll can sound as if the speaker were talking to the beat of a metronome or it may sound as though he were emphasizing every word in a monotonous, patterned style. The words will usually be delivered at the rate of 45 to 60 beats per minute, maximizing the hypnotic effect.
The Build-up Process: Inducing Altered States
Now the assistant pastor begins the "build-up" process. He induces an altered state of consciousness and/or begins to generate the excitement and the expectations of the audience. Next, a group of young women in "sweet and pure" chiffon dresses might come out to sing a song. Gospel songs are great for building excitement and involvement. In the middle of the song, one of the girls might be "smitten by the spirit" and fall down or react as if possessed by the Holy Spirit. This very effectively increases the intensity in the room. At this point, hypnosis and conversion tactics are being mixed. And the result is the audience's attention span is now totally focused upon the communication while the environment becomes more exciting or tense.
Assured Continuation: Fleecing the Flock
Right about this time, when an eyes-open mass-induced alpha mental state has been achieved, they will usually pass the collection plate or basket. In the background, a 45-beat-per-minute voice roll from the assistant preacher might exhort, "Give to God...Give to God...Give to God...." And the audience does give.
Bonding by Fear and Suggestion
Next, the fire-and-brimstone preacher will come out. He induces fear and increases the tension by talking about "the devil," "going to hell," or the forthcoming Armegeddon.
In the last such rally I attended, the preacher talked about the blood that would soon be running out of every faucet in the land. He was also obsessed with a "bloody axe of God," which everyone had seen hanging above the pulpit the previous week. I have no doubt that everyone saw it--the power of suggestion given to hundreds of people in hypnosis assures that at least 10 to 25 percent would see whatever he suggested they see.
Testimony: Creating Community Spirit
In most revivalist gatherings, "testifying" or "witnessing" usually follows the fear-based sermon. People from the audience come up on stage and relate their stories. "I was crippled and now I can walk!" "I had arthritis and now it's gone!" It is a psychological manipulation that works. After listening to numerous case histories of miraculous healings, the average guy in the audience with a minor problem is sure he can be healed. The room is charged with fear, guilt, intense excitement, and expectations.
Miracles
Now those who want to be healed are frequently lined up around the edge of the room, or they are told to come down to the front. The preacher might touch them on the head firmly and scream, "Be healed!" This releases the psychic energy and, for many, catharsis results. Catharsis is a purging of repressed emotions. Individuals might cry, fall down or even go into spasms. And if catharsis is effected, they stand a chance of being healed. In catharsis (one of the three brain phases mentioned earlier), the brain-slate is temporarily wiped clean and the new suggestion is accepted.
For some, the healing may be permanent. For many, it will last four days to a week, which is, incidentally, how long a hypnotic suggestion given to a somnambulistic subject will usually last. Even if the healing doesn't last, if they come back every week, the power of suggestion may continually override the problem...or sometimes, sadly, it can mask a physical problem which could prove to be very detrimental to the individual in the long run.

Six Conversion Techniques
Cults and human-potential organizations are always looking for new converts. To attain them, they must also create a brain-phase. And they often need to do it within a short space of time--a weekend, or maybe even a day. The following are the six primary techniques used to generate the conversion.

Isolation Intimidation, Deprivation and IndoctrinationThe meeting or training takes place in an area where participants are cut off from the outside world. This may be any place: a private home, a remote or rural setting, or even a hotel ballroom where the participants are allowed only limited bathroom usage. In human-potential trainings, the controllers will give a lengthy talk about the importance of "keeping agreements" in life. The participants are told that if they don't keep agreements, their life will never work. It's a good idea to keep agreements, but the controllers are subverting a positive human value for selfish purposes. The participants vow to themselves and their trainer that they will keep their agreements. Anyone who does not will be intimidated into agreement or forced to leave. The next step is to agree to complete training, thus assuring a high percentage of conversions for the organizations.
They will usually have to agree not to take drugs, smoke, and sometimes not to eat...or they are given such short meal breaks that it creates tension. The real reason for the agreements is to alter internal chemistry, which generates anxiety and hopefully causes at least a slight malfunction of the nervous system, which in turn increases the conversion potential.

The "Sell It By Zealot" TechniqueBefore the gathering is complete, the agreements will be used to ensure that the new converts go out and find new participants. They are intimidated into agreeing to do so before they leave. Since the importance of keeping agreements is so high on their priority list, the converts will twist the arms of everyone they know, attempting to talk them into attending a free introductory session offered at a future date by the organization. The new converts are zealots. In fact, the inside term for merchandising the largest and most successful human-potential training is, "sell it by zealot!"
At least a million people are graduates and a good percentage have been left with a mental activation button that assures their future loyalty and assistance if the guru figure or organization calls. Think about the potential political implications of hundreds of thousands of zealots programmed to campaign for their guru.
Be wary of an organization of this type that offers follow-up sessions after the seminar. Follow-up sessions might be weekly meetings or inexpensive seminars given on a regular basis which the organization will attempt to talk you into taking--or any regularly scheduled event used to maintain control. As the early Christian revivalists found, long-term control is dependent upon a good follow-up system.

Wearing Down Resistance
Alright. Now, let's look at the second tip-off that indicates conversion tactics are being used. A schedule is maintained that causes physical and mental fatigue. This is primarily accomplished by long hours in which the participants are given no opportunity for relaxation or reflection.
Increasing Tension
The third tip-off: techniques used to increase the tension in the room or environment.

Introducing Uncertainty About Identity
Number four: Uncertainty. I could spend hours relating various techniques to increase tension and generate uncertainty. Basically, the participants are concerned about being "put on the spot" or encountered by the trainers, guilt feelings are played upon, participants are tempted to verbally relate their innermost secrets to the other participants or forced to take part in activities that emphasize removing their masks. One of the most successful human-potential seminars forces the participants to stand on a stage in front of the entire audience while being verbally attacked by the trainers. A public opinion poll, conducted a few years ago, showed that the number one most-fearful situation an individual could encounter is to speak to an audience. It ranked above window washing outside the 85th floor of an office building.
So you can imagine the fear and tension this situation generates within the participants. Many faint, but most cope with the stress by mentally going away. They literally go into an alpha state, which automatically makes them many times as suggestible as they normally are. And another loop of the downward spiral into conversion is successfully effected.

Jargon
The fifth clue that conversion tactics are being used is the introduction of jargon--new terms that have meaning only to the "insiders" who participate. Vicious language is also frequently used, purposely, to make participants uncomfortable.

Lack of Humor: No Release, No Resistance
The final tip-off is that there is no humor in the communications...at least until the participants are converted. Then, merry-making and humor are highly desirable as symbols of the new joy the participants have supposedly "found."

Cults: A Captive Course in Stockholm Syndrome
Cult gatherings or human-potential trainings are an ideal environment to observe first-hand what is technically called the "Stockholm Syndrome." This is a situation in which those who are intimidated, controlled, or made to suffer, begin to love, admire, and even sometimes sexually desire their controllers or captors.
But let me inject a word of warning here: If you think you can attend such gatherings and not be affected, you are probably wrong. A perfect example is the case of a woman who went to Haiti on a Guggenheim Fellowship to study Haitian Voodoo. In her report, she related how the music eventually induced uncontrollable bodily movement and an altered state of consciousness. Although she understood the process and thought herself above it, when she began to feel herself become vulnerable to the music, she attempted to fight it and turned away. Anger or resistance almost always assures conversion. A few moments later she was possessed by the music and began dancing in a trance around the Voodoo meeting house. A brain phase had been induced by the music and excitement, and she awoke feeling reborn.

The US Marines as a Brainwashing Cult
Before I go on, let's go back to the six tip-offs to conversion. I want to mention the United States Government and military boot camp. The Marine Corps talks about breaking men down before "rebuilding" them as new men--as marines! Well, that is exactly what they do, the same way a cult breaks its people down and rebuilds them as happy flower sellers on your local street corner. Every one of the six conversion techniques are used in boot camp. Considering the needs of the military, I'm not making a judgement as to whether that is good or bad. IT IS A fact that the men are effectively brainwashed. Those who won't submit must be discharged or spend much of their time in the brig.

Steps in the Decognition Process
Once the initial conversion is effected, cults, armed services, and similar groups cannot have cynicism among their members. Members must respond to commands and do as they are told, otherwise they are dangerous to the organizational control. This is normally accomplished as a three-step ˜ Decognition Process.

Alertness reduction
Step One is alertness reduction: The controllers cause the nervous system to malfunction, making it difficult to distinguish between fantasy and reality. This can be accomplished in several ways. poor diet is one; watch out for Brownies and Koolaid. The sugar throws the nervous system off. More subtle is the "spiritual diet" used by many cults. They eat only vegetables and fruits; without the grounding of grains, nuts, seeds, dairy products, fish or meat, an individual becomes mentally "spacey." Inadequate sleep is another primary way to reduce alertness, especially when combined with long hours of work or intense physical activity. Also, being bombarded with intense and unique experiences achieves the same result.

Programmed Confusion
Step Two is programmed confusion: You are mentally assaulted while your alertness is being reduced as in Step One. This is accomplished with a deluge of new information, lectures, discussion groups, encounters or one-to-one processing, which usually amounts to the controller bombarding the individual with questions. During this phase of decognition, reality and illusion often merge and perverted logic is likely to be accepted.

Thought Stopping
Step Three is thought stopping: Techniques are used to cause the mind to go "flat." These are altered-state-of-consciousness techniques that initially induce calmness by giving the mind something simple to deal with and focusing awareness. The continued use brings on a feeling of elation and eventually hallucination. The result is the reduction of thought and eventually, if used long enough, the cessation of all thought and withdrawal from everyone and everything except that which the controllers direct. The takeover is then complete. It is important to be aware that when members or participants are instructed to use "thought-stopping" techniques, they are told that they will benefit by so doing: they will become "better soldiers" or "find enlightenment." (marching, meditation, chanting)

Shock and Confusion
The Hare Krishnas, operating in every airport, use what I call shock and confusion techniques to distract the left brain and communicate directly with the right brain. While waiting for a plane, I once watched one operate for over an hour. He had a technique of almost jumping in front of someone. Initially, his voice was loud then dropped as he made his pitch to take a book and contribute money to the cause. Usually, when people are shocked, they immediately withdraw. In this case they were shocked by the strange appearance, sudden materialization and loud voice of the Hare Krishna devotee. In other words, the people went into an alpha state for security because they didn't want to confront the reality before them.
In alpha, they were highly suggestible so they responded to the suggestion of taking the book; the moment they took the book, they felt guilty and responded to the second suggestion: give money. We are all conditioned that if someone gives us something, we have to give them something in return--in that case, it was money. While watching this hustler, I was close enough to notice that many of the people he stopped exhibited an outward sign of alpha--their eyes were actually dilated.
?   http://www.serendipity.li/sutphen/brainwsh.html
CONVERSION TECHNIQUES
•   Breaking sessions: that pressure a person until they crack.
•   Changing values: to change what is right and wrong.
•   Confession: to leave behind the undesirable past.
•   Entrancement: open the mind and limit rational reflection.
•   Engagement: that draws a person in.
•   Exhaustion: so they are less able to resist persuasion.
•   Guilt: about the past that they can leave behind.
•   Higher purpose: associate desirability with a higher purpose.
•   Identity destruction: to make space for the new identity.
•   Information control: that blocks out dissuading thoughts.
•   Incremental conversion: shifting the person one step at a time.
•   Isolation: separating people from dissuasive messages.
•   Love Bomb: to hook in the lonely and vulnerable.
•   Persistence: never giving up, wearing you down.
•   Special language: that offers the allure of power and new meaning.
•   Thought-stopping: block out distracting or dissuading thoughts.
(So not to overload this thread I’ll leave out Robert Lifton, but if you haven’t reviewed his thought reform theories yet it would be critical knowledge at this point.)
http://changingminds.org/techniques/con ... reform.htm
http://changingminds.org/techniques/con ... ashing.htm

So, to put it plainly, I think the above information might serve as the tip of the iceberg into understanding what exactly brainwashing and behavior modification is all about. At this point I’m going to make an assumption as to the viability or effectiveness, I’m just acknowledging that this is the information that surrounds these topics.
What I will say though, is that even if brainwashing is not real (effective), there is no doubt in my mind that the CEDU program was developed specifically to serve those exact purposes.

CEDU PROPHEETS and TOOLS
Propheet
A 24 hour workshop. Named after Khalil Ghbiran's "The Prophet". Passages from the prophet are read at one point in each propheet. During the Wasserman years, there were 7 propheets and two workshops. The propheets employed sleep-deprivation, humiliation, occasional exposure to large variations in temperature, guided imagery, loud and repetitive music, regression therapy, bizarre ritual, and forced emoting. This normally resulted in a feeling of euphoria and exhaustion after the experience. Certain propheets actually caused students to temporarily lose their voice. Propheets contained exercises which used metaphor to convey their message. Each propheet, with the exception of the last one, also consisted of disclosures and a lengthy rap (see below) where everyone in the room was spoken to. The students are "allowed" what appears on the surface to be a one hour nap the next day. However, staff walk amongst the kids as they try to fall asleep on the floor, and when they notice that the last one has fallen asleep, they wake up the students and tell them that the hour nap is over. After you complete a propheet, you are sworn to secrecy. However, you are allowed to speak to students who have already been through the experience. The list of propheets are The Truth, The Childrens, The Brothers Keeper, The Dreams, The I Want to Live, The Values and The Imagine. The two, multi-day workshops, are the I & Me and the Summit. They employ similar techniques, but the structure is very different, and the intensity is stepped up significantly. The last workshop, the Summit, was based on the Large Group Awareness Training seminar Lifespring. Wasserman purchased the rights to use the workshop at his own school, in addition to adding his own exercises.
The Pendulum
A tool in the truth propheet. The passage from The Prophet that is focused on in the truth is "To the extent that you feel your sorrow, you will feel your joy." This is depicted in the truth propheet by a pendulum, which swings from one side, which is sorrow, to the other, which is joy. Whatever Gibran's intent, CEDU ideology translated this as meaning that, in order to feel any happiness, the student must be made as miserable as possible first.

[edit] Your Chrome Ball
A tool in the truth. Your chrome ball was supposed to represent you at birth; pure and unsullied. Students are told that throughout their life, their ball has been dirtied and tarnished by things such as bad experiences, people treating you poorly, and you doing things you felt ashamed of. (Which leads into disclosures in the disclosure circles. See below.)

[edit] Disclosure Circles
An exercise in the truth propheet. Students are divided up into two groups, one each run by a staff. They sit around in a circle, and everybody goes around and confesses to things that they have done in the past that they feel bad about, in addition to copping out to any dirt. As the night progresses, students are pressured to come up with more and more dirt, even if the student says they don't have any more. This often leads to fabricated confessions.

[edit] Your Truth
A tool/concept from the truth propheet. "Your truth" meant what you were, essentially. Part of the CEDU ideology was to oversimplify identity by assigning your persona basic labels. Some examples of assigned truths would be "honest" or "beautiful".

[edit] Your Lie
This is the other side of the "your truth" label, and was assigned to you in the rap section of the truth propheet. After your indictment, which normally consisted of how you deny your truth every day, you are assigned what is "your lie", which was normally a blunt and brutal accusation of your negative behavior. Some examples of this are "Liar", "Victim", "Cripple", "Slut" and "Faggot".
Your Little Girl/Boy
A tool/concept from the children's propheet. This propheet was geared towards getting the students in touch with their "inner child." One way of doing this was to give more tangibility to the concept. As such, students are required to come up with a name for their little boy or girl. This name was supposed to be a pet name your parents had for you when you were young. This tool also falls into the category of "identity labels" that the CEDU propheets employed.

[edit] Dyads
A propheet/workshop exercise where two students face each other in chairs, and engage each other, while being coached by the staff. Normally involves a lot of screaming, repetitive chanting/shouting (Such as "Mommy made me ____ . Daddy made me ______.") and regression. Dyads are used primarily in the children's propheet, the Summit workshop, and during trust counseling.
Turning your back
An exercise from the brother's keeper. Students are paired up and take turns turning their back on each other.

[edit] Pushing away
An exercise from the brother's keeper. Students are paired up and take turns shoving each other. The exercise was supposed to signify how you push people away every day.
Your Nightmare
One of the exercises in the dreams propheet. The concept was that your nightmare was how you were before you came to RMA... i.e. your image. Students are given a black crayon and a piece of paper, and are required to draw a picture of themselves as this nightmare. After everyone is finished, they all mill around and look at each others' drawings. Then they are required to sit in front of their own nightmare for an extended amount of time and ruminate over it. They are then talked to about it in the propheet rap.

[edit] Your Dream
This is the identity label from the dreams propheet. Prior to being bestowed with this label, there is an exercise where students are required to cry about when their dream died. You are then supposed to come up with what your dream was. It was then written on a golden paper star.
http://wiki.fornits.com/index.php?title=CEDU_lingo
   
I’m not about to list each and everyone of the many and unusual (to say the least) “agreements” or go into lengthy detail about all the propheets and raps. But anyone who reviews the Cedu lingo list should be able to make various connections between it and the information presented in this paper.

So what was the intention of the program? In my opinion the main purpose for the “Tools” were for the purpose were for implanting a belief system into the unconscious mind that literally sought to override the critical left-brained ‘beta’ state of consiousness hence (in theory) leaving students in a maintained state of suggestability.  As well I believe the tools were a way that enabled them to re-frame the entire reality of the students in a rigid black and white system of judgement that (if functiong properly) would serve to set in motion a self-feeding mental dysfunction such as described previously:

“Defense mechanisms even exist in which one attacks one’s self-concept in order to protect it. I have criticized myself for failing, in effect telling myself, "I am not you, you are a failure. I am very critical of you and therefore am not responsible for your failure." I am not the only who has used this defense mechanism. I remember watching a pole-vaulter failing to vault over a bar. Every time he failed he cursed himself and put himself down. I think he was trying to protect his self-concept, because by cursing himself he was in a sense saying to himself, "I am not you; it’s your fault that I can’t

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CEDU / Brown Schools and derivatives / clones / eye mingles
« on: November 04, 2008, 07:44:19 PM »
So I just have to know if this was as weird for everyone else as it was for me. Y'know those eye mingles we did to choose partners in propheets, where we stand nose to nose and stare into each others eyes until someone walks away, or else you keep staring if you want them to be your partner? I remember those being extremely awkward and uncomfortable. Not because I was afraid they would walk away, I just felt really weird. It seemed to last forever. I just sat there the whole time thinking, should I blink? Is that offensive? or, how long do I wait before I move? If I leave too quick it might look like I don't like them. Meanwhile I'm staring at someone who is looking like a statue still, wide eyed, non-blinking psychopath. It was a super claustrophobic feeling for me. Was it like that for everyone, or just me?

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Quote from: "nashari"
CEDU was what it was.  It was neither a bad experience, nor a good one... but a place for people that had real problems, to come to and find a better, and a more meaningful life.  I attended all 3 of the CEDU schools from 93-96.  RMA, Hilltop, and CEDU.  From my experience, CEDU gave me beneficial tools to turn my life around after hitting the gutter and losing myself a few years ago.  The fact that you probably never even attended the school, but are just trying to make a profit on other people's misfortunes in their life, just shows the charactor to which you truelly are.  If you have a problem with anything I just said, you can always come down to Fort Bragg, NC and talk with me about before I deploy early next year for the Middle East to protect the freedoms of the free speech that you use so carelessly.
Quote from: "nashari"
I have been on this site for a long time, but if you see the drought between my posts you can see that I was indisposed for awhile. Valentine was the headmaster when i got to CEDU in 95, and the reason I got to spend time at so many of the schools, was because I never reformed to the ideals that they tried to teach.

? So you got beneficial tools from Cedu but you never reformed to their ideals? What does that mean exactly? What about their tools was so helpful? Looking back I see those tools as being taught for the purpose of encouraging the habitual defamation of ones' self and others. Starting with the truth it was taught that an indicator of mental and emotional health was how deeply and erratically we were experiencing our emotions. From a traditional psychological/therapeutic perspective that would be the complete antithesis of mental and emotional health. It seems obvious to me that running your anger and your judgements is not an act of cleansing at all, just the opposite. It was an act of self destruction, and I think that is why they taught us to believe them.

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Quote from: "nashari"
I have been on this site for a long time, but if you see the drought between my posts you can see that I was indisposed for awhile.  Valentine was the headmaster when i got to CEDU in 95, and the reason I got to spend time at so many of the schools, was because I never reformed to the ideals that they tried to teach.

There is a chance I may know you. We probably only crossed paths briefly. Did you also go thru Ascent? (NWA was Cedu right?, wasn't it really close to RMA?). I remember Bill Valentine, but he barely showed his face. I remember him in one rap, but basically non-existent. Just curious, right bfore I "graduated" Ascent they pressured me to go to RMA. They were telling me they had bbq's and it seemed like they were enticing me to choose it, but I said I wanted to go back tto CEDU RS cuz my friends were there. I think Ascent was pretty new when I went there , started in94' I think, but haven't heard much on it. Were u a Cedu RS grad?

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Quote
. Bans from fishing. 6. Bans from specific rooms (library, weight room, conservatory, dorms)

....You guys had a weight room and got to go fishing? Actually I don't care about the weight room, but fishing woulda been nice (at Cedu RS). And yeah... bans from books, check... bans from chess, check... bans from being alone, check. I never got to finish "The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy" come to think of it.

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Cognitive Dissonance
This is the feeling of uncomfortable tension which comes from holding two conflicting thoughts in the mind at the same time.
Dissonance increases with:
•   The importance of the subject to us.
•   How strongly the dissonant thoughts conflict.
•   Our inability to rationalize and explain away the conflict.
Dissonance is often strong when we believe something about ourselves and then do something against that belief. If I believe I am good but do something bad, then the discomfort I feel as a result is cognitive dissonance.
Cognitive dissonance is a very powerful motivator which will often lead us to change one or other of the conflicting belief or action. The discomfort often feels like a tension between the two opposing thoughts. To release the tension we can take one of three actions:
•   Change our behavior.
•   Justify our behavior by changing the conflicting cognition.
•   Justify our behavior by adding new cognitions.
Dissonance is most powerful when it is about our self-image. Feelings of foolishness, immorality and so on (including internal projections during decision-making) are dissonance in action.
If an action has been completed and cannot be undone, then the after-the-fact dissonance compels us to change our beliefs. If beliefs are moved, then the dissonance appears during decision-making, forcing us to take actions we would not have taken before.
Cognitive dissonance appears in virtually all evaluations and decisions and is the central mechanism by which we experience new differences in the world. When we see other people behave differently to our images of them, when we hold any conflicting thoughts, we experience dissonance.
Dissonance increases with the importance and impact of the decision, along with the difficulty of reversing it. Discomfort about making the wrong choice of car is bigger than when choosing a lamp.
Research
Festinger first developed this theory in the 1950s to explain how members of a cult who were persuaded by their leader, a certain Mrs Keech, that the earth was going to be destroyed on 21st December and that they alone were going to be rescued by aliens, actually increased their commitment to the cult when this did not happen (Festinger himself had infiltrated the cult, and would have been very surprised to meet little green men). The dissonance of the thought of being so stupid was so great that instead they revised their beliefs to meet with obvious facts: that the aliens had, through their concern for the cult, saved the world instead.
In a more mundane experiment, Festinger and Carlsmith got students to lie about a boring task. Those who were paid $1 felt uncomfortable lying.
Example
Smokers find all kinds of reasons to explain away their unhealthy habit. The alternative is to feel a great deal of dissonance.
So what?
Using it
Cognitive dissonance is central to many forms of persuasion to change beliefs, values, attitudes and behaviors. The tension can be injected suddenly or allowed to build up over time. People can be moved in many small jumps or one large one.
Defending
When you start feeling uncomfortable, stop and see if you can find the inner conflict. Then notice how that came about. If it was somebody else who put that conflict there, you can decide not to play any more with them.

Cognitive dissonance is a psychological state that describes the uncomfortable feeling when a person begins to understand that something the person believes to be true is, in fact, not true. Similar to ambivalence, the term cognitive dissonance describes conflicting thoughts or beliefs (cognitions) that occur at the same time, or when engaged in behaviors that conflict with one's beliefs. In academic literature, the term refers to attempts to reduce the discomfort of conflicting thoughts, by performing actions that are opposite to one's beliefs.

.... I think I recognize that feeling.

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To this day many former students are deeply divided as to their feelings about Cedu. This intense experience has produced many protractors and detractors. In order to discuss this topic it is important to understand the history and development of the program.

Mel Wasserman was a former Synanon cult member who developed the Cedu program using the Synanon model and included various elements of psychology and new age philosophy as well as maintaining a controlled environment that isolated it from any outside information and influence.
The program was structured in a way that precisely followed the methodologies described by Robert Jay Lifton. Robert Jay Lifton was one of the early psychologists to study brainwashing and mind control. He called the method used thought reform, and offered the following eight methods that are used to change people's minds.
 Milieu control
All communication with outside world is limited, either being strictly filtered or completely cut off. Whether it is a monastery or a behind-closed-doors cult, isolation from the ideas, examples and distractions of the outside world turns the individuals attention to the only remaining form of stimulation, which is the ideology that is being inculcated in them.
This even works at the intrapersonal level, and individuals are discouraged from thinking incorrect thoughts, which may be termed evil, selfish, immoral and so on.
Mystical manipulation
A part of the teaching is that the group has a higher purpose than others outside the group. This may be altruistic, such as saving the world or helping people in need. It may also be selfish, for example that group members will be saved when others outside the group will perish.
All things are then attributed and linked to this higher purpose. Coincidences (which actually may be deliberately engineered) are portrayed as symbolic events. Attention is given to the problems of out-group people and attributed to their not being in the group. Revelations are attributed to spiritual causes.
This association of events is used as evidence that the group truly is special and exclusive.
i.e. knowledge about the program could only be known through progression.
Confession
Individuals are encouraged to confess past 'sins' (as defined by the group). This creates a tension between the person's actions and their stated belief that the action is bad, particularly if the statement is made publicly. The consistency principle thus leads the person to fully adopt the belief that the sin is bad and to distance themselves from repeating it.
Discussion of inner fears and anxieties, as well as confessing sins is exposing vulnerabilities and requires the person to place trust in the group and hence bond with them. When we bond with others, they become our friends, and we will tend to adopt their beliefs more easily.
This effect may be exaggerated with intense sessions where deep thoughts and feelings are regularly surfaced. This also has the effect of exhausting people, making them more open to suggestion.
i.e. confession in raps, telling story, propheets, writing assignments
Self-sanctification through purity
Individuals are encouraged to constantly push towards an ultimate and unattainable perfection. This may be rewarded with promotion within the group to higher levels, for example by giving them a new status name (acolyte, traveller, master, etc.) or by giving them new authority within the group.
The unattainability of the ultimate perfection is used to induce guilt and show the person to be sinful and hence sustain the requirement for confession and obedience to those higher than them in the groups order of perfection.
Not being perfect may be seen as deserving of punishment, which may be meted out by the higher members of the group or even by the person themselves, who are taught that such atonement and self-flagellation is a valuable method of reaching higher levels of perfection.
i.e. purity could only be gained by confession within the group.
Aura of sacred science
The beliefs and regulations of the group are framed as perfect, absolute and non-negotiable. The dogma of the group is presented as scientifically correct or otherwise unquestionable.
Rules and processes are therefore to be followed without question, and any transgression is a sin and hence requires atonement or other forms of punishment, as does consideration of any alternative viewpoints.
i.e. propheets were kept secret and claimed to be infallible.
Loaded language
New words and language are created to explain the new and profound meanings that have been discovered. Existing words are also hijacked and given new and different meaning.
This is particularly effective due to the way we think a lot though language. The consequence of this is that the person who controls the meaning of words also controls how people think. In this way, black-and-white thinking is embedded in the language, such that wrong-doers are framed as terrible and evil, whilst those who do right (as defined by the group) are perfect and marvellous.
The meaning of words are kept hidden both from the outside world, giving a sense of exclusivity. The meaning of special words may also be revealed in careful illuminatory rituals, where people who are being elevated within the order are given the power of understanding this new language.
See Cedu lingo list: http://wiki.fornits.com/index.php?title=CEDU_lingo
Doctrine over person
The importance of the group is elevated over the importance of the individual in all ways. Along with this comes the importance of the the group's ideas and rules over personal beliefs and values.
Past experiences, beliefs and values can all thus be cast as being invalid if they conflict with group rules. In fact this conflict can be used as a reason for confession of sins. Likewise, the beliefs, values and words of those outside the group are equally invalid.
Dispensed existence
There is a very sharp line between the group and the outside world. Insiders are to be saved and elevated, whilst outsiders are doomed to failure and loss (which may be eternal).
Who is an outsider or insider is chosen by the group. Thus, any person within the group may be damned at any time. There are no rights of membership except, perhaps, for the leader.
People who leave the group are singled out as particularly evil, weak, lost or otherwise to be despised or pitied. Rather than being ignored or hidden, they are used as examples of how anyone who leaves will be looked down upon and publicly denigrated.
People thus have a constant fear of being cast out, and consequently work hard to be accepted and not be ejected from the group. Outsiders who try to persuade the person to leave are doubly feared.
Dispensation also goes into all aspects of living within the group. Any and all aspects of existence within the group is subject to scrutiny and control. There is no privacy and, ultimately, no free will.
i.e. Threat of being sent to Ascent or other program for wrongdoings.
Robert Jay Lifton, Thought Reform and the Psychology of Totalism, W.W. Norton & Co., Inc., 1963.

 Lifton's Brainwashing Processes
 
 
Robert Jay Lifton was one of the early psychologists to study brainwashing and mind control. He called the method used thought reform. From an analysis of two French priests who had been subjected to brainwashing, he identified the following processes used on them:
Assault on identity
Aspects of self-identity are systematically attacked. For example the priests were told that they were not real Fathers. This has a serious destabilizing effect as people lose a sense of who they are. Losing the self also leads to weakening of beliefs and values, which are then easier to change.
GuiltConstant arguments that cast the person as guilty of any kind of wrong-doing leads them to eventually feel shame about most things and even feel that they deserve punishment. This is another piece of the jigsaw puzzle of breakdown.
Self-betrayal
When the person is forced to denounce friends and family, it both destroys their sense of identity and reinforces feelings of guilt. This helps to separates them from their past, building the ground for a new personality to be built.
Breaking point
The constant assault on identity, guilt and self-betrayal eventually leads to them breaking down, much as the manner of the 'nervous breakdown' that people experience for other reasons. They may cry inconsolably, have convulsive fits and fall into deep depression. Psychologically, they may effectively be losing a sense of who they are and hence fearing total annihilation of the self.
Leniency
Just at the point when the person is fearing annihilation of the self, they are offered a small kindness, a brief respite from the assault on their identity, a cigarette or a drink. In those moments of light amongst the darkness, they may well feel a deep sense of gratitude, even though it is their torturer who is offering the 'kindness'. This is another form of Hurt and Rescue, albeit extreme.
i.e. acceptance of others by group. “I don’t judge you.”
The compulsion to confess
Having being pulled back from the edge of breakdown, they are then faced with the contrast of the hurt of potential further identity assault against the rescue of leniency. They may also feel the obligation of exchange in a need to repay the kindness of leniency. There also may be exposed to them the opportunity to assuage themselves of their guilt through confession.
The channeling of guilt
The overwhelming sense of guilty and shame that the person is feeling will be so confused by the multiple accusations and assaults on their identity, that the person will lose the sense of what, specifically, they are guilty of, and just feel the heavy burden of being wrong.
This confusion allows the captors to redirect the guilt towards what ever they please, which will typically be having lived a life of wrong and bad action due to living under an ideology which itself is wrong and bad.
Reeducation: logical dishonoring
The notion that the root cause of their guilt is an externally imposed ideology is a straw at which the confused and exhausted person grasps. If they were taught wrongly, then it is their teachers and the ideology that is more at fault. Thus to assuage their guilt, further confession about all acts under the ideology are brought out. By mentally throwing away these acts (in the act of confession) they also are now completing the act of rejecting the whole ideology.
Progress and harmony
The rejection of the old ideology leaves a vacuum into which the new ideology can be introduced. As the antithesis of the old ideology, it forms a perfect attraction point as the person flees the old in search of a contrasting replacement.
This progress is accelerated as the new ideology is portrayed as harmonious and ideally suited to the person's needs. Collegiality and calm replaces pain and punishment. The captors thus contrast in visible and visceral ways how wonderful the new ideology is as compared to the sins and the pain of the old ideology.
Final confession and rebirth
Faced with the stark contrast of the pain of the past with the rosy glow of the future that the new ideology presents, the person sheds any the final allegiance to the old ideology, confessing any remaining deep secrets, and takes on the full mantle of the new ideology.
This often feels, and has been described by many, as a form of rebirth. It may be accompanied by rites of passage as the person is accepted and cemented into the new order. The rituals will typically include strong statements made by the person about accepting the new ideology fully and completely, swearing allegiance to its leaders. Saluting flags, kissing other artefacts and other symbolic acts, all solemnly performed, all anchor them firmly in the new ground.
Robert Jay Lifton, Thought Reform and the Psychology of Totalism, W.W. Norton & Co., Inc., 1963.
 
CONVERSION TECHNIQUES
Conversion to a different way of thinking and different beliefs appears in many different situations. Although the techniques here are drawn from studies of brainwashing and cult conversion, they are surprisingly common, at least in more acceptable forms, in many other groups and organizations.
•   Breaking sessions: that pressure a person until they crack.
•   Changing values: to change what is right and wrong.
•   Confession: to leave behind the undesirable past.
•   Entrancement: open the mind and limit rational reflection.
•   Engagement: that draws a person in.
•   Exhaustion: so they are less able to resist persuasion.
•   Guilt: about the past that they can leave behind.
•   Higher purpose: associate desirability with a higher purpose.
•   Identity destruction: to make space for the new identity.
•   Information control: that blocks out dissuading thoughts.
•   Incremental conversion: shifting the person one step at a time.
•   Isolation: separating people from dissuasive messages.
•   Love Bomb: to hook in the lonely and vulnerable.
•   Persistence: never giving up, wearing you down.
•   Special language: that offers the allure of power and new meaning.
Thought-stopping: block out distracting or dissuading thoughts.

Mel Wasserman also borrowed heavily from Synanon and its founder Charles E. Deiderich. Claims have been made that Mel named the school CEDU to stand for Charles E. Deiderich University, rather than “see what you do and do something about it.” A look into Synanons’ history gives insight into the therapeutic underpinnings of Cedu.

Synanon, is the first ever self help--no doctors-- drug rehabilitation program, founded by Charles "Chuck" Dederich Sr. (1913–1997) in 1958 in Santa Monica, California.
It went from the first ever no doctor involved self help drug rehab (Synanon I), to a building of a new society in Synanon cities to lead the world into the 21st Century (Synanon II), to becoming a self-claimed religion (Synanon III). Eventually followers took on the paranoia of its founder, Synanon developed the Imperial Marines and commenced a Holy War against its enemies. Its ultimate doom came when Dederich and members tried to kill by means of a de-rattled rattlesnake in the mailbox, Pacific Palisades lawyer Paul Morantz who was battling Synanon in the court and trying to expose the Foundation for criminal conspiracies.
Deiderich volunteered for a Dr. Keith Ditman LSD experiment and felt he had a cathartic break through and now understood the world and that good and bad were the same. He studied on his own in a library and his AA speeches changed from typical religious overtones to a psychological/philosophy slant.
Dederich preached "Act as If" which meant do not try to reason as to what Synanon asks they do; as thinking got them there, just trust what they were told and act as if it is right.
Synanon emphasized  living a self-examined life, as aided by group truth-telling sessions known as the "Synanon Game." Control over members occurred through the "Synanon Game." The "Game" could be considered a therapeutic tool, likened to group therapy; or a social control, in which members humiliated one another and encouraged the exposure of one's innermost weaknesses, or both. Members were to confess in games and no secrets were allowed. Synanon instituted "containment" which was disallowing contact with outsiders. One was to participate only in Synanon. Synanon’s goal, Dederich said, was to lead the world into the 21st Century. Dederich experimented with environmental manipulations so as to recreate the heightened awareness and inner discoveries he experienced while taking LSD. To recruit needed non addict club members, Dederich created The Trip, forerunner of Werner Erhard’s est training, which was a combination of group psychotherapy, coercive persuasion, mysticism and old fashion spiritual revival. Dederich designed an efficient program of individual emotional breakdowns followed by a mass group euphoria all designed to re-educate individuals into the Synanon II philosophy and lifestyle. It was first offered to the selected few as an honor, but the entire population was eventually targeted. Dederich called it an "insight producing" experience. Dederich said: "At the end of this rainbow, there will be a pot of gold. Through dissipation, or long hours of activity without very much sleep, we hope to bring about in you a conscious state of inebriation... we want to get you loaded without acid.” A Shepherd led them through candle-lit and incense-burning corridors to a locker room filled with rows of Army cots with name cards. Each person stripped and put on white robes. Watches were taken as time was no longer important. Women removed all makeup and jewelry, a symbolic stripping of past selves. The Guides, all experienced game players, turned each group from enthusiasm to a depression and defeat, wallowing in its collective shame. Sitting in comfortable green armchairs, they made the dope fiends tell their tales of drugs, rape, crime and beatings. The squares were pushed to confess their prior loneliness and despair. The games turned on one than another. Disoriented by lack of sleep, each was moved to the point of intense disillusionment. Aids, who did their homework, provided ammunition to the Conductors on each Tripper. Everyone was to cop-out (confess to past sins).  The result was implantation of a common bond and sense of ideals, all identified with Synanon. Each Tripper was to write a paper on some feeling or admission. A big shot would advise the Trippers they were not really chosen as an honor, but each was really selected because each was a resister, thinking he or she knew better the direction Synanon should go, part of the "dummies that hold Synanon back." "Maybe," Dederich said, "one day we will just put dingbats like you against the wall and wash them off and bring them back into the human race." Dederich would elsewhere declare that if you kept people up long enough you can make them believe anything. At eight a.m. Monday hand in hand the Trippers went down the corridor toward the sounds of band music. Now in a ballroom the Trippers were surrounded by hundreds of cheering, clapping Synanites. The Trippers, many of whom had been awake for 65 or more hours, were hugged and cheered. A hoop-a-la began (Synanon’s dance). Everyone bonded. All had pain. One just had to surrender to Synanon. Despite the Trip conversion success, the old-timers, the Retired Dope Fiends, aka The Walking Dead, remained a problem. As the alcoholics had not wanted change. Curing dope fiends was what they wanted. Dederich placed them in a 72 hour game ("stew") and harangued them for not seeing his vision. Later the "flies" (Dederich trained youngsters) took over the attack. When all were exhausted Dederich returned and offered forgiveness for surrender. October 10, 1978, two Synanon members placed a de-rattled rattlesnake in the mailbox of attorney Paul Morantz in Pacific Palisades, California. Morantz had successfully brought suit on behalf of a woman abducted by Synanon, winning a $300,000 judgment, obtained release of children, gave information to the press and lobbied (defeating) another Synanon bill written by Herschel Rosenthal. The snake bit Morantz but did not kill him. A drunken Dederich was arrested on December 2 in Lake Havesu.
http://www.rickross.com/reference/synanon/synanon9.html
http://www.motherjones.com/news/feature ... ustry.html
http://thestraights.com/theprogram/synanon-story2.htm

…But the Cedu program contained other elements as well. Deiderich developed Synanon using the philosophies of Werner Erhards’ “Erhard Seminar Training” or Est. When Mel Wasserman developed Cedu he included elements of Lifespring. Both of these Large Group Awareness Training seminars (LGATs) were packaged to be sold to large corporations as being a unifier and motivator of employees and to aid employers in achieving the maximum potential from their workers. In fact, Wasserman purchased the rights to use Lifespring and modified it in order to create CEDUs’ final workshop, The Summit.

What are these organizations and where did they come from? Lifespring and Est were born out of the new age Human Potential Movement of the 60’s and 70’s.

The human-potential movement is a term used for humanistic psychotherapies that first became popular in the 1960s and early 1970s. The movement emphasized the development of individuals through such techniques as encounter groups, sensitivity training, and primal therapy (primal scream).
The "Human Potential" movement is a branch of the "New Age" movement that is especially packaged to be acceptable to corporations, government, small businesses, and the educational establishment in the form of "motivational seminars" or "Learning to Learn skills".
Its principles are based on eastern mysticism and the occult, but the terminology has been changed to sound scientific and psychological.
Claiming that humans have unlimited or infinite potential, the goal then becomes to achieve this infinite potential.
•   This is accomplished by rejecting traditional beliefs that limit us and avoiding any negative thoughts.
•   The subconscious must be reprogrammed by daily affirmations, positive thinking, and constant self-talk (e.g., "I am great, I am wonderful, I will achieve!").
•   The ability to be reprogrammed can be enhanced by consciousness altering techniques that create a state of higher suggestibility, such as meditation, visualization, guided imagery, and other inward looking activities. These are also promoted for stress reduction.
"Self" is said to be the source of all success and each person can "take responsibility" to "create his own reality".

Encounter group — A form of humanistic therapy in which participants meet with a trained leader to increase self-awareness and social skills through emotional sharing and confrontation.
Primal therapy — A form of humanistic therapy that originated in the 1970s. Participants were encouraged to relive painful events and release feelings through screaming or crying rather than analysis.
Sensitivity training — A form of humanistic group therapy that began in the 1950s. Members participated in unstructured discussions in order to improve understanding of themselves and others.

The Human Potential Movement is a loose chain of several hundred psychological supermarkets in which a customer can buy almost anything their heart desires: Sensitivity Training, Interracial Encounters, Creative Divorce Workshops, Heterosexual Body Sandwiches, Nude Psychodrama, Attack Therapy, Vomit Training.

The Human Potential Movement opened the door for traditional psychology to break away from its therapeutic norms, boundaries and ethics and allowed for its broad based application to groups of people seeking self help and therapy.

The Human Potential Movement was a response to the creation of Humanistic Psychology most notably due to an American psychologist named Abraham Maslow. He did this by coining the term “self-actualization” and positing that it was factually a human need in the field of psychology. Traditional psychology would discount this theory and categorize it simply as an opinion or belief, but it gained enough notoriety to be accepted firmly as truth by some and then there were others that purposely abused its’ stature. By placing this idea alongside the widely accepted psychology as defined by persons such as Freud it gained unearned credibility. Maslow popularized the concept of self-actualization, based on his study of exceptionally successful, rather than exceptionally troubled, people. Selecting a group of "self-actualized" figures from history, including Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865), Albert Einstein (1879-1955), and Eleanor Roosevelt (1884-1962), Maslow constructed a list of their characteristics, some of which later became trademark values of the human potential movement.

In addition Maslow developed a theory, again presented as fact, describing supposed human needs and listing them in a hierarchal format. The achievement of each need could only be met by meeting the requirements of the previous needs on the pyramid. The needs are listed as follows:
Self-actualization
Self-esteem
Belonging (to a group)
Safety (shelter, removal from danger)
Physiological (Health, food, sleep)

What the pyramid suggests is that one’s self esteem and ability to attain self actualization are dependent on ones position among a group. Self evaluation thus is determined by the group setting one is surrounded by. As an individual, realization of this goal is not possible. For employees to believe in such a concept creates a valuable situation for employers, hence the popularity of LGATs such as Lifespring and Est.
 
As well as the integration of the above stated information analysis of the propheets would indicate that Mel Wasserman developed much of it from traditional psychology as well. Through simply comparing and contrasting similarities can be seen. For instance in analyzing The Truth propheet a patchwork quilt of  ideas can account for its’ creation.

The Truth
Those who have been through the truth know that it used imagery to describe ones perfect self as a chrome ball that has been tarnished by painful events and wrongdoings in ones childhood. The goal then was to recognize those events and react in an emotional catharsis for the purpose of cleansing the soul and becoming pure. This would relate to concepts presented by Sigmund Freuds’ theories of etiology.

Sigmund Freud attributed mental or neurotic disorders to deep-seated or hidden psychic motivations. The unconscious played the primary role in Freud's approach. According to Freud, the person in conflict was unaware of the cause because it was too deeply embedded in an inaccessible part of the mind. Freud postulated that the occurrence of previous traumas, unacceptable feelings, or wanton drives enacted a defense mechanism that enabled this burial into the unconscious. As a means of survival, a person might push such unsavory thoughts and memories as far from the conscious mind as possible. Childhood, according to Freud, was the time when many repressed motivations and defense mechanisms began to thrive. Without control over their own lives, children have no way to resolve such emotions that include frustration, insecurity, or guilt. These emotions essentially build up while the child's personality is developing into adulthood. Every psychological disorder from sexual dysfunction to anxiety might be explained after talking about the repressed feelings a person has harbored since childhood.

Then there are other elements to the propheet that suggest that New Age ideas from the Human Potential Movement were included. Primal Scream, which John Lennon helped to popularize (coincidence?), was present as participants were directed to undergo a forced emotional catharsis to remove the tarnish from the chrome ball. Many could claim it was effective, but the act of screaming results in exhaustion and hyperventilation which in turn produces a euphoric effect on the participant. As well screaming and heightened emotional states affect the brain in the same way as exercise in that it prompts the release of endorphins, serotonin, adrenaline and dopamine. Before you can understand your emotions it helps to understand what causes them. Our brains and endocrine system are a veritable narcotics factory, producing an array of natural chemicals that act as stimulants, depressants or pain-killers:
•   adrenaline prepares the body for fight or flight: your heart starts pounding, your pupils dilate, you start to sweat and get "butterflies" as your digestive system switches off;
•   endorphins, natural pain-killers many times stronger than morphine, are released by the pituitary gland;
•   dopamine, released in the middle area of the brain, is chiefly responsible for pleasurable sensations;
•   anandoline, a canabinoid, stimulates the appetite;
•   PEA, a natural stimulant, performs in a similar manner to amphetamines such as speed;
•   melatonin controls your sleeping patterns and stimulates the immune system; and
•   serotonin is believed to play important roles in a number of areas: sexuality, anxiety and depression.
So the perception that one has experienced a moment of spiritual cleansing can be easily misunderstood by the participant due to the pleasant “high” produced after such an experience.
As well aspects of Liftons thought reform studies are applicable. For instance, in The Truth, it began with disclosing events from childhood that were painful (i.e. death in the family, abandonment , name calling) that were supposedly for addressing traumatic moments. But as the propheet progressed participants were pressured to reveal deep secrets about ones’ self that could be considered an act of self betrayal. For instance the questions initially posed were, “How were you hurt when you were a child?” And progressed to, “What is it that you can’t tell anybody about?” After being led down a path of openness and sharing as well as engaging in various acts (tactile drills, guided imagery) that produced exhaustion psychological defense systems had been dismantled for many of the participants. This resulted in many disclosing things about themselves that crossed a personal boundary and thereby betraying themselves. To return to Liftons’ studies:
Self-betrayal
When the person is forced to denounce friends and family, it both destroys their sense of identity and reinforces feelings of guilt. This helps to separates them from their past, building the ground for a new personality to be built.
Breaking point
The constant assault on identity, guilt and self-betrayal eventually leads to them breaking down, much as the manner of the 'nervous breakdown' that people experience for other reasons. They may cry inconsolably, have convulsive fits and fall into deep depression. Psychologically, they may effectively be losing a sense of who they are and hence fearing total annihilation of the self.
Confession
Individuals are encouraged to confess past 'sins' (as defined by the group). This creates a tension between the person's actions and their stated belief that the action is bad, particularly if the statement is made publicly. The consistency principle thus leads the person to fully adopt the belief that the sin is bad and to distance themselves from repeating it.
Discussion of inner fears and anxieties, as well as confessing sins is exposing vulnerabilities and requires the person to place trust in the group and hence bond with them. When we bond with others, they become our friends, and we will tend to adopt their beliefs more easily.
This effect may be exaggerated with intense sessions where deep thoughts and feelings are regularly surfaced. This also has the effect of exhausting people, making them more open to suggestion.
The Truth propheet set the stage for the participants further progress in the program. It was re-visited time and time again in every propheet, in the telling of ones story, and in raps. In general the pressure put on the students to re-affirm their confessions, to themselves and publicly, depended on whether or not they were following the program or not (in agreement or not). Essentially any wrongdoing no matter how big or small was attempted, by staff, to be corrected by re-addressing this unrelated but painful confession as punishment. (i.e. are you living your lie or your truth? One or the other, no in between.)
In terms of the effect Cedu had on students it would be far from accurate to suppose that a highly diverse group of pre-adult participants in various stages of development would or could respond universally to this kind of psychological experimentation. In an environment devoid of licensed therapists practicing a random collection of powerful psychological tactics upon a variety of subjects it is likely that the results will be chaotic.

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CEDU / Brown Schools and derivatives / clones / Re: The Rap
« on: October 22, 2008, 01:15:49 AM »
Quote from: "Rugby Punk"
Quote from: "Awake"
Quote
The sex aspect now coming into memory like an angry ghost! I don't know if you were writing from an RMA experience, because actually having sex at Cedu CA meant you weren't coming back, at least during the late 80s/early 90s. They didn't play lightly with that - it was so much of their control mechanism - the purgation of our hormones.

I absolutely remember with painful clarity of feeling - that sex was considered the dirtiest, most self-debasing activity you could permit yourself to do - that it came out of "thinking"; that it was not healthy or normal - that the impulse to normal, age-appropriate sexual experience was disgraceful and really quite sinful, and that it had to be shared publicly in the raps, and purged.
[/i]
 There were four cases of the sex agreement being broken that I remember when I went to Cedu. 2 of those cases I remember in partcular. 1 of the 4 was sent to Ascent never to return and  the other 3 were put on full-times. Times must have changed a bit during the periods we attended b/c as I recall staff foamed at the mouth drooling over the opportunity to make a public example of those who broke the sex agreement. I'm surprised to hear you say if you broke the sex agreement "you were not coming back." (What do you mean by that? Did they go to Ascent and/or another program?) The Cedu I remember really took advantage of such a situation to make a point to everyone else. Not only do I remember how brutally those people got it in raps, but everyone seemed to get reprimanded. I particularly remember *a staff* yelling till she was red in the face at every guy in a rap addressing us as though guys were 100% responsible for initiating sex every time. Just because two people broke the agreement ALL the guys got battered. She blew up on us saying .."Don't even think of touching my girls." As well she would project her issues with abortions onto us, which was very uncomfortable and of course there was no defensive measure you could take. I, like most, never broke the sex agreement there yet I recall having to sit there and be talked to as though I did.

*I don't know what my deal is but I feel like if I mention a staff's name they will come to haunt me or something.*

On that note Liam, Mann is NOT Rudy Bentz.

" For many years I asked members of T-groups (group therapy) to engage in a "top secret" task in which they were asked to write, anonymously, on a slip of paper the one thing they would be most disinclined to share with the group. The secrets seem to be startlingly similar, with a couple of major themes predominating. The most common secret is a deep conviction of basic inadequacy- a feeling that one is basically incompetent, that one bluffs one's way through life. Next in frequency is a deep sense of interpersonal alienation- that, despite appearances, one really does not, or cannot, care for or love another person. The third most frequent category is some variety of sexual secret." - 'The Theory and Practice of Group Psychotherapy' by Irvin D. Yalom

Anyone remember getting asked, "What's the one thing you just can't tell anybody?"



I do know exactly which female staffer you're talking about with the abortion issues, Awake.

I wish some people had just kept their mouths shut about some really sick stuff noone needed to know.  Nobody's fault - the filters were all stripped away. It never put my friendships with them into doubt, but I never knew quite how to handle it.
In one of my first raps, a girl got reemed by someone in her dorm about excessive pubic hair shedding that clogged the shower drain. This poor girl was so humiliated and I felt so bad for her, but I didn't have the courage to stick up for her and tell the bitch off. Of course, I sort of picked up on the fact that taking her side against the indicter wasn't the way things were done around Cedu.

Alright, I don't know why I still have fear for saying the names of the staff I was portraying. I actually feel a bit pathetic for still feeling scared of saying the names of those people that made me feel so afraid. Mann = Guy Bonano, Sandy = Bradi Elliot, and Jessie = Jamie ? (don't know last name). I let Pam Abell get away with a "rap pass" this time but she had her moments.

Also, I thought I'd say a few words about "honesty". This word was perhaps the most powerfully re-defined word at Cedu. It really meant, "disregard your boudaries". To be honest meant to give up all your deepest secrets, publicly betray yourself, and openly opinionate on others behaviors no matter how personal the topic. I don't hold it against anyone (except staff, b/c I think they did it to set an example) for not being able to know whether or not they crossed this line. However I was not prepared to handle all of that. And concerning my portrayal of "the rap" I STILL had to hold back on some of the atrocities that I remember there. The lack of ethical/therapeutic boundaries there is absolutely mindblowing to me.

Robert Jay Lifton was one of the early psychologists to study brainwashing and mind control. He called the method used thought reform. From an analysis of two French priests who had been subjected to brainwashing, he identified the following processes used on them:
Assault on identity
Aspects of self-identity are systematically attacked. For example the priests were told that they were not real Fathers. This has a serious destabilizing effect as people lose a sense of who they are. Losing the self also leads to weakening of beliefs and values, which are then easier to change.
Guilt
Constant arguments that cast the person as guilty of any kind of wrong-doing leads them to eventually feel shame about most things and even feel that they deserve punishment. This is another piece of the jigsaw puzzle of breakdown.
Self-betrayal
When the person is forced to denounce friends and family, it both destroys their sense of identity and reinforces feelings of guilt. This helps to separates them from their past, building the ground for a new personality to be built.
Breaking point
The constant assault on identity, guilt and self-betrayal eventually leads to them breaking down, much as the manner of the 'nervous breakdown' that people experience for other reasons. They may cry inconsolably, have convulsive fits and fall into deep depression. Psychologically, they may effectively be losing a sense of who they are and hence fearing total annihilation of the self.
Leniency
Just at the point when the person is fearing annihilation of the self, they are offered a small kindness, a brief respite from the assault on their identity, a cigarette or a drink. In those moments of light amongst the darkness, they may well feel a deep sense of gratitude, even though it is their torturer who is offering the 'kindness'. This is another form of Hurt and Rescue, albeit extreme.
The compulsion to confess
Having being pulled back from the edge of breakdown, they are then faced with the contrast of the hurt of potential further identity assault against the rescue of leniency. They may also feel the obligation of exchange in a need to repay the kindness of leniency. There also may be exposed to them the opportunity to assuage themselves of their guilt through confession.
The channeling of guilt
The overwhelming sense of guilty and shame that the person is feeling will be so confused by the multiple accusations and assaults on their identity, that the person will lose the sense of what, specifically, they are guilty of, and just feel the heavy burden of being wrong.
This confusion allows the captors to redirect the guilt towards what ever they please, which will typically be having lived a life of wrong and bad action due to living under an ideology which itself is wrong and bad.
Reeducation: logical dishonoring
The notion that the root cause of their guilt is an externally imposed ideology is a straw at which the confused and exhausted person grasps. If they were taught wrongly, then it is their teachers and the ideology that is more at fault. Thus to assuage their guilt, further confession about all acts under the ideology are brought out. By mentally throwing away these acts (in the act of confession) they also are now completing the act of rejecting the whole ideology.
Progress and harmony
The rejection of the old ideology leaves a vacuum into which the new ideology can be introduced. As the antithesis of the old ideology, it forms a perfect attraction point as the person flees the old in search of a contrasting replacement.
This progress is accelerated as the new ideology is portrayed as harmonious and ideally suited to the person's needs. Collegiality and calm replaces pain and punishment. The captors thus contrast in visible and visceral ways how wonderful the new ideology is as compared to the sins and the pain of the old ideology.
Final confession and rebirth
Faced with the stark contrast of the pain of the past with the rosy glow of the future that the new ideology presents, the person sheds any the final allegiance to the old ideology, confessing any remaining deep secrets, and takes on the full mantle of the new ideology.
This often feels, and has been described by many, as a form of rebirth. It may be accompanied by rites of passage as the person is accepted and cemented into the new order. The rituals will typically include strong statements made by the person about accepting the new ideology fully and completely, swearing allegiance to its leaders. Saluting flags, kissing other artefacts and other symbolic acts, all solemnly performed, all anchor them firmly in the new ground.
See also
Robert Jay Lifton, Thought Reform and the Psychology of Totalism, W.W. Norton & Co., Inc., 1963.

Conversion techniques
•   Breaking sessions: that pressure a person until they crack.
•   Changing values: to change what is right and wrong.
•   Confession: to leave behind the undesirable past.
•   Entrancement: open the mind and limit rational reflection.
•   Engagement: that draws a person in.
•   Exhaustion: so they are less able to resist persuasion.
•   Guilt: about the past that they can leave behind.
•   Higher purpose: associate desirability with a higher purpose.
•   Identity destruction: to make space for the new identity.
•   Information control: that blocks out dissuading thoughts.
•   Incremental conversion: shifting the person one step at a time.
•   Isolation: separating people from dissuasive messages.
•   Love Bomb: to hook in the lonely and vulnerable.
•   Persistence: never giving up, wearing you down.
•   Special language: that offers the allure of power and new meaning.
•   Thought-stopping: block out distracting or dissuading thoughts.

http://cafety.org/index.php?option=com_ ... &Itemid=35

If anyone thinks that these methods were not used against students at Cedu please comment.

370
Yes Liam, I was there at that exact time. I would know whoever you talked to. It does not surprise me to hear that there are still avid supporters from my era, but that would not change the history and tactics from my perspective, just reinforce my belief that they refined their skill over time. Rudy Bentz, Carl Janowitz were not there. The other staff you mentioned were. I'm happy to discuss it with you, contact me.

371
Jeez. That's a weird dream. I usually don't remember much af mine, but the last one I remember I was at home in the middle of the day and looked out my window to see a bunch of Cedu staff and students getting out of a car and coming to my door. It was kind of like a clown car, there was no way all those people fit in there but they kept getting out. Next thing I know they are clawing outside every window like night of the living dead. They are saying things like, "What's going on? You don't seem like you're doing ok. Why won't you talk?" It pretty much just goes on like that, me trying to find some place to hide until I wake up in a pool of sweat. The only thing that is constant about these nightmares is one way or another I am trying to get away but can't.

372
CEDU / Brown Schools and derivatives / clones / Re: Did you break?
« on: October 07, 2008, 06:11:46 PM »
Whoa! That sounds just like what happened to me except I was a there about a year or so after you. Split, went to Ascent, back to Cedu. As much as Ascent sucked, once I was there for awhile I wondered why everyone made such a big deal about it. It was always held over us as the biggest threat imaginable and when someone got sent they always made sure to announce it at house around the pit so everyone knew it could be them too if they screwed up. But I remember thinking it was a vacation compared to a full-time (even though I was on a couch restriction for a couple weeks after I got back). However I was also relieved to get back to Cedu and have the basic amenities of a normal life. I'm pretty sure it was about that time I stopped resisting and just did what I had to to get by. A fairly good indicator of how deeply I played the game, or how severly I was "broken", is when I was a dormhead and had to have one of my dorm mates on a hygene restriction. I had to make sure he brushed his teeth, put on deoderant, used shampoo and lathered up properly and I'd have to report to my team leader every day (shudder). Yeah at Ascent we bathed every two weeks in groups in the hygen tent by pouring buckets of cold water over ourselves while standing in an ankle deep bucket of water, but that's not quite as shocking of a memory as remembering actually monitoring and reporting on someone's hygene habits. So I guess I broke, I dunno, I didn't think so when I left. But next to my bed I have three extra pillows and blankets because lately I wake up drenched in sweat so often I have to switch them. So they must have gotten to me more than I thought.

373
The Troubled Teen Industry / Re: The Who
« on: September 12, 2008, 03:11:41 AM »
Hey Who,

I'm a little new here and I have no idea what the big fuss is over this thread. It is one of the longest threads here. (I couldn't imagine going over the entire content of it.) I mean no offense here, in fact I am just curious. I have noticed a trend and, if I am correct, you have a particular skill in running a conversation in circles. Is this all a game? I don't know if you don't want to expose this about yourself but maybe you just want to be found out. If it is true I applaude you! It is truly brilliant. An expose on the nature of man. Thank you.

374
The Troubled Teen Industry / Re: The Who
« on: September 09, 2008, 08:01:45 PM »
Quote from: "shanlea."
Quote from: "shanlea"
The Who said: 00.02% of the kids I dealt with were victims of their parent's ineptitude.

I have no idea if this is true across the board, but at CEDU, we had a large holding of youths from well-to-do families. They often had an excess of material needs, but were very poor in terms of emotional sustenance. Many of our parents were too busy, or like mine, couldn't be bothered to actually care for their children. Then, our teens hit and WHAMMO.... the parents didn't know what to do when they treated their child like a neglected plant but ended up with a overgrown jungle.

What bothered me, however, was that CEDU did NOT address parent-child relations with integrity or honesty. The parents were the money train. Thus, students were subjected to a disproportionate amount of blame and attack in an effort to keep the parents "emotionally comfortable" at all times. In fact, it was often vital to impede the progress of any honest dialogue, and CEDU's ability to isolate us from our families and monitor our calls worked in their favor at our expense. Sometimes, CEDU would fan the flames of our antipathy toward our parents, and then use it to their advantage to show parents how ungrateful we were, and how much work was left to do.

One of the things I learned quickly at CEDU was to never ever contradict or negate CEDU's "teachings" because they would lie or hyperbolize your "sickness" to your parents as payback. The more you complained, the more payback you receive din the form of CEDU manipulating your family. This was one primary method of control. People wonder why those upper students gave such lovely "pro Cedu" tours of the facility, and this is why. Payback was a bitch.

Thank you for that. It is exactly how I feel with regards to Cedu, and as far as I'm concerned the outlook on all these programs. It never ceases to amaze me how people will continue to insist that it is possible to fix a family by dividing it.

375
I got the sarcasm too. It takes awhile for the sense of humor to come back Dish. It took me a few years after prgrm to even smile without faking it......

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